12 Disciples

Thomas is mentioned three times in the Gospel of John. John 11:16 indicates his loyalty to Jesus. John 14:5 shows his ignorance of Jesus’ meaning about preparing a place for them. John 20:24-28 reveals his doubting nature when he has to touch the wounds after the resurrection. Eusebius mentions Thomas …

Simon was formerly of the fanatical Zealots who opposed Roman rule in Palestine. He is mentioned only when the disciples are listed in the Gospels. Early Christian writers say he is the same Simeon, son of Clopas, who succeeded James as head of the Jerusalem church (Eusebius, Ecclesiastical History, III, 11.32).

Also know as “Simon Peter,” Peter was a fisherman who could converse in Greek as well as Aramaic. He lived in Capernaum with his brother, Andrew. They were fishing partners of James and John. Peter’s original family home could be Bethsaida, but scholars are not certain. The Synoptic Gospels place …

In the Gospel of John, Philip was one of the first to be called. His hometown was possibly Bethsaida. Philip tells Nathanael, “…We have found him, of whom Moses in the law, and the prophets, did write, Jesus of Nazareth…” (John 1:45). His name is mentioned in connection with the …

This disciple was from Cana of Galilee. He was brought by Philip to Jesus. He showed skepticism when Philip described Jesus as the Messiah and from Nazareth. Nathanael asked, “Can there any good thing come out of Nazareth?” (John 1:46). Jesus described Nathanael as an Israelite in whom there is …

Matthew was a tax collector in the service of Herod Antipas near Capernaum before he became a disciple. He worked in a profession that was much hated among the Jews. His Gospel mentions that he left the receipt of custom and followed Jesus (Matt. 9:9). Luke mentions that Levi (Matthew) …

Judas Iscariot is the only Judaean of the 12 disciples. Iscariot: could mean “man from Kerioth” (though it is uncertain as to where this is located). Judas was the treasurer of the group (John 13:29). He betrayed Jesus to the chief priests for 30 pieces of silver. No one knows …

Luke has this disciple as the son or brother of James (Luke 6:16). Thaddaeus may be his true name.

ST JOHN THE EVANGELIST by Pompeo Batoni (1708-1787) from Basildon Park. The Italian painter born in Lucca was celebrated for his portraits. Disciple, John, was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee with his brother as well as a partner of Peter and Andrew. He was from a well-to-do family …

This disciple is not mentioned by name in any event recorded in the Gospels or Acts of the Apostles. It is possible that this James is to be identified as one of the sons of Mary, who is mentioned as being present at the crucifixion and the empty tomb.

James’ family home may have been in Bethsaida. He was a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee and a partner with John, Peter and Andrew. Like John, James was named one of the “sons of thunder” by Jesus. James was included in the inner circle of disciples who witnessed the …

Andrew was the brother of Simon Peter, and their original home was thought to be Bethsaida. He probably followed John the Baptist before becoming one of Jesus’ disciples. According to John’s Gospel, Andrew was the first to recognize Jesus as the Messiah. Andrew brought his brother, Simon Peter, to meet …